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    Parbatiya Agricultural Cooperative Ltd.

    The Farm produces Mosquito ferns “Azolla” , Duckweeds “Lemnoideae” , and a small trial production unit of Black Soldier Fly Larvae (BSFL) “hermetia illucens” as alternative high-protein livestock feed. These essential products will address many challenges of our Farm and other livestock farmers.

    These products are solutions for environmental, economic, social and climate problems. The Farm has introduced these products in 2019, now move to production. These products are part of the farm’s circular agriculture and, more importantly, green, low-carbon and climate-resilient, and potential for a circular economy, substituting the current less eco-friendly feed such as industrial feeds that are high carbon footprints. By treating biowaste, the threat to public health and the environment can be reduced. These are cost-effective, require less labour, are easy to set up, are low-carbon, climate-resilient, and have smart inputs to get high cost and greater market values. These products can be harvested in a short time period. BSFL can be harvested every day depending upon the availability of organic waste to be treated by the larvae in a favourable environment. Duckweed and Azolla can be harvested every week. These products are potential solutions to low productivity, high instability, low-carbon, and climate-resilient livestock feeds for climate-smart agriculture. Introducing new products that are low cost in production and processing these new products to convert high-end products for the Farm and the markets would result in enormous economic benefit. Our products are potential alternatives to industrial animal feeds. These are climate-smart products and part of the Farm’s circular agriculture with high market potential. BSFL can reduce the protein cost of feed production by at least 25-37.5% and replacing fishmeal in animal feeds . The organic waste that is discarded and problem to the environment and human health is treated by the BSF larvae to produce nature-based high protein, fat, and other minerals feed to the poultry and aquaculture farms, thus, reducing emission from air, water, and land and contributes to climate change mitigation and a circular economy. In this inclusive business value chain, the Farm is a producer, supplier, and consumer by providing feeds to its poultry and aquaculture farms – a circular system, contributing to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) .

    Sardi Khola, Gandaki Province, Nepal
    Countries of operation
    Year Founded

    ASAP Classifications

    Human and Managed Systems
    Impacts to human health, and loss of livelihoods, Reduced agricultural productivity and food security, Resilient Food Systems
    Physical and Biological Systems
    Ecosystem & biodiversity loss

    Additional Info

    Generating revenue?
    We are not generating revenue
    Annual Revenue
    Since the COVID-19, the farm is running negative and we are improving by introducing circular agriculture. Total investment to the farm is USD 400,000
    Total capital
    USD 400,000
    For now, we have categorized our customers (markets) into three groups with distinct needs and characteristics. These groups are part of the circular system of the farm commodity value chain: - General public from the personal contacts on the way and back from the Farm. This is a cost-effective and low carbon footprint approach. We collect organic waste from them to produce high-value products. Mostly, organic waste, papers, unwanted wooden stuff, and cardboard. We provide Azolla and Duckweed to feed their chicken, kalij pheasants and quails. - Small shops and retail supermarkets: We received vegetable and fruit waste and cardboard used for packing goods from these shops. We collect them when we deliver our vegetable products. Most of these vegetable and fruit waste are feed to BSFL. - Micro-Small-Medium Enterprises: Chhetradip Annapurna Rainbow Trout Fish farm (CATRED), Gandaki Trout Farm, Lahachok Agro Farm, and Birethati Agro Farm. These MSMEs that the Farm has already established business relationships. CATRED is the largest trout farm nearby the Farm. Ganaki Trout Farm has a trout production facility with a restaurant about 2 km away from the Farm. We plan to supply high protein green feeds to Lahachok Agro Farm, Birethati Agro Farm, Sardikhola buffalo farm, feeds mixed with Azolla and Duckweed powders. We have agreements with the trout, poultry, and pig farms to trial our products. The Farm receives trout fish waste from CATRED and uses the waste to feed BSF larvae. Instead, we provide Duckweed, Azolla, and a small amount of BSF larvae to the trout farm.
    We are exploring potential investors to move from trial to production phase for black solider fly larvae. We do take advice from PUM ( for our cattle farm and tomato proudction.
    This is a cooperative.
    This company information was submitted by Parbatiya Agricultural Cooperative Ltd.

    Last updated: January 27, 2022

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